VOX AC100 - UPDATES AND NEW INFO
Advert for VOX placed by "Musicland" in the TV Times, November, 21st - 27th November, 1964. The shop regularly placed ads in daily newspapers throughout the early 60s, only occasionally in other sources though - the TV Times was an occasional.
Vox printed up various brochures, flyers and pricelists specially for "Musicland".
Cash and Hire Purchase terms from 1963.
12th January (2)
A JMI brochure from 1961 printed for "Musicland", Broadway, Bexleyheath, Kent. "Musicland" was a long-standing Vox dealer. General views on the early documents page, details to follow.
Catalogue of the Radio and Electronic Component Show at Olympia, May 1963. All the big manufacturers were there, including Burndept Electronics under the mantle of Royston Industries. Jennings Musical Industries of course did not participate, but many of its component suppliers had stands. This was the sort of show that JMI engineers will have attended.
Amphenol - see further this page.
Arrow switches, used throughout the 1960s by JMI.
Cannon XLRs - full page advert and link below.
Dubilier - see further this page.
Erie resistors - used by JMI in AC80/100s from spring 1965.
Rola Celestion speakers.
Welwyn wirewound resistors - used in the cathode bias circuit of AC80/100s and where load resistors were required on main drive voltage lines.
The Welwyn entry in the catalogue.
Woden Transformers - see further this page.
Cannon connectors - see the entry below for 6th January, and this page.
A better detail of the JMI promo / dealer photo of the Stones. Large parts of the (empty) thin-edged AC80/100 box - not just the logo - are painted in.
A detail of the JMI loan AC80/100 (thin edged box) used by the Stones at Olympia, Paris, 20th October 1964. Photo by Roger Kasparian. The back panel is distinctive, corners of the connectors hard by the screws on the bottom edge, and the top left corner of the warning plaque hard by the screw on the left-hand side.
A larger detail. To the side of the SDL, an early thin-edged AC50 with its Foundation Bass speaker cab.
The rough "rule of thumb" for speaker sockets and connectors on JMI amplifiers is:
1963 to mid 1964 - circular Cannon female sockets on the amp, sometimes the speaker cabinet too - one also finds female on the amp, male on the speaker cab. Male or female Cannon connectors on the cable.
mid 1964 to mid 1965 - rectangular male Cannon sockets on the amp and speaker cabinet. Female Cannons on the cable.
mid 1965 to 1968 - male Amphenol sockets on the amp and speaker cabinet. Female Amphenols on the cable.
The connectors envisaged in Thomas Organ parts list from 1967 - available here - are probably Amphenols:
09-5407-0: Speaker Cord - 12 foot (complete)
09-5408-0: Speaker Cord Socket only (For Cable)
09-5409-0: Speaker Cord Plug only (For Cabinet)
"Flight International" magazine, July 1964. Advertisement for Amphenol - the new factory at Whitstable, on the Kent Coast, around 40 miles from the Vox Works at Erith.
Amphenol connectors were first adopted by Vox in mid 1965. Up to that point Cannons had been used.
It may be that Amphenols were suggested by Thomas Organ, which was in mid '65 in the process of setting up its own line of amplifiers - the solid state "Super Beatle" (fitted with Amphenol speaker connectors) - and so on.
Well to note too that Burndept Electronics, with whom Vox shared the Erith Works, had long been involved in avionics - notably in the mid 60s the Midas flight recorder, which raised doubts from the first.
The Observer, 22nd November, 1964. Prophetic words.
30th December (3)
The new index page for the JMI documents:
Click to go to the index page. Captioned links are given to the items that have been posted so far.
30th December (2)
The documents from 1961 and 1962 are now being assembled on pages of their own:
Illustrated catalogues and coloured flyers to follow.
1962 - the pricelist following the phasing out of the AC30/4. The AC30/6 (AC30 Twin) is now 115 guineas. See the first entry for 29th Dec., below.
29th December (2)
Below, a TCC (Telegraph Condenser Company) folder of technical bulletins from 1962, just arrived. Green TCC micromite electrolytics were used in AC100s from early 1965 through to 1966.
Again, values are given both for "Peak Working Volts" and "Surge Volts".
A 32uf 350v TCC micromite in AC80/100 no. 392.
One of the documents encompassed in a batch sent out in November 1961 in response to an enquiry - see the Jennings form letter below, 16th December.
Various new things are in train: the add-on tone circuit; the AC10 and AC15 twin; the AC30 super twin; and the discontinuation of the AC30/4.
The pricelist corresponding to the announcement. Note that the AC30 (six input) twin is 100 guineas.
Some more screengrabs from the BBC documentary on Screaming Lord Sutch and the Savages, filmed in late 1964, produced and aired in 1965. Shots of Ricky Fenson, the group's bassist, putting the AC80/100 in the Commer van after a gig.
Some notes on Paul McCartney's 2x15" brown-fronted speaker cabinet, used through to the end of the USA autumn tour, 1964:
A detail of amp and speaker cabinet, Washington Coliseum, 11th February, 1964. In the sliver below, one can just see the BASS flag of the cab.
Just visible, the BA of the BASS runner.
Amp and cab on stage, New York, Carnegie Hall, 12th February, 1964.
Adelaide, 12th June, 1964. The cab's BASS runner has gone.
Las Vegas, 20th August, 1964, detail of the speaker cabinet with Paul's second brown-fronted amp.
Not Las Vegas, but Forest Hills, 28th August.
Above, Toronto, Maple Leaf Gardens, 7th September, '64. At some point before the autumn tour of the States, the cab evidently had a new connector fitted - a rectangular Cannon. The original circular Cannon can be seen below, backstage at Versailles, 14th Feb., '64.
The mark left by a drip underneath the handle/recess can also be made out in the photo above.
New Musical Express, 1st May, 1964. Vox advert for the Poll Winners Concert. The images were first used as an ensemble in the Vox advert for the Dave Clark Five in February '64. Note that the "A.C. 50" is actually a T60.
New Musical Express, 16th April, 1965. Poll Winners Concert ad.
A note on AC100 output transformer connections - 8 and 15 ohm. Below, schemas of the three main types: early cathode bias (copper and black panel amps); later cathode bias (grey panel amps); fixed bias ("100W Amplifier" and AC100/2).
The output terminal block of serial number 392, later cathode biased.
In the schemas above, the position and colour of the wires from the transformers are given in their most common order. In all types of AC100, however, one sometimes finds the common in the centre. The output transformers of early cathode biased amps have more complex windings (resulting in pairs of wires feeding into the terminal block).
AC100 Super Deluxe (SDL) speaker cabinets; 2 x 15" bass units; and the majority of Foundation Bass cabs had an impedance of 8 ohms, naturally requiring the output connections to be set for 8 ohms on the amplifier too.
By early 1965, a 470 ohm resistor was introduced across the 8 ohm tap to help guard against open circuits.
Detail from the "100W Amplifier" circuit of late summer 1965. L/S is "loudspeaker".
Effectively, when no speaker cabinet is connected, the 470 ohm resistor provides a load that the amplifier cannot "drive" - a sort of surrogate if you like (impedance is not identical with resistance) for a 470 ohm cab, not quite a dead short, but close. The protection afforded by the resistor is necessarily short term - enough to give time for a switch off following the discovery that no speaker cabinet is attached - but it is protection nonetheless. Hiwatt used a similar resistor over its jack socket ouputs.
When a speaker cabinet is connected, the 470 ohm resistor lies in parallel with the 8 ohm load of the cab. The effect of the resistor then becomes negligible. The product of the two resistances (one technically an impedance) in parallel is a little over 7.8 ohms.
16th December (2)
A little more on tags - see the entry below, 15th December. A number of Scandinavian countries had laws in the 1960s and 1970s that made voltage selectors illegal. The selectors were consequently removed and the mains input hardwired for 220v. Ingeniously, the black and gold tags were sometimes used to fill the hole.
An AC50 from late 1965 / early 1966.
A note relating to early Jennings Musical Industries, not really germane to anything here, but interesting for process. Pictures of a largish trove of early Jennings catalogues, flyers and brochures, some not available elsewhere (web or in print), may follow.
A good selection of catalogues, flyers and pricelists accompanied this letter, sent to the enquirer, who lived in Scarborough, in November 1961. A further batch was forwarded in 1962.
Five Jennings Musical Industries patent applications, 1955-1963 - inventions of Les Hills and Derek Underdown for organ and guitar elements - can be found here.
Use the menu at the side of those patent pages to find copies of the original documents and drawings. Various dates are recorded - of submission, deposition, approval.
Les Hills, the genius behind the T60 amplifier and numerous organ circuits, continued working and innovating for Vox through to "Vox Sound Equipment Limited" days - see the patent for a polyphonic keyboard voicing, January 1969, on the Vox Supreme website.
Scarce these days, but by no means unique, a couple of JMI tags for English-made equipment, on the left the early style (to the last third of 1964), on the right the style that followed (last third of 1964 to 1968). The one on the left, originally attached to AC50 no. 1101, will have been the type accompanying copper panelled AC80/100s (thanks to Martin for pointing that out).
AC50 no. 1101, diamond input, second third of 1964. The amp is gone, but shop price tag, JMI guarantee, envelope and tag survive.
A number of the later style tags are still on or with the amps they were issued with:
Above, AC50 no. 5619, from 1966.
Defiant no. 1102, from April 1967. Thanks to Paul for these pictures.
The tag was presumably redesigned - a third style/type - in the summer of 1968 to omit "JMI". The succeeding companies were "Vox Sound Equipment Limited" (summer 1968 to early 1970) and "Vox Sound Limited" (summer 1970 to early 1973).
A "Vox Sound Limited" Supreme (1972). Picture from donkey's years ago. Presumably the tag simply has VOX.
There is I think a late AC100 in Germany also with a tag, but the picture has decided not to let itself be found for the time being.
A better version now of the Vox advert following the NME Poll Winners Concert, May 1967 - the line-up was mainly new solid state Vox Supremes and Super Foundation Bass amps. The Queen's award for Industry had been awarded in April 1967 - see this page.
NME magazine, 13th May 1967. All the bands on the bill used the equipment supplied by Jennings (there are small pictures throughout the 13th May issue). In the quadrants of the circle going clockwise: Dusty Springfield at the NME Concert, 1965; equipment on stage, also 1965; the Beatles with a 7120, Abbey Road, April 1966; Cliff Richard at the 1967 concert.
A better version (below) of the Vox advert following the NME Poll Winners Concert, May 1966, now posted on at the Empire Pool, Wembley page.
NME magazine, 13th May, 1966. The AC100 is still the picture (four were supplied by Jennings for the concert). The glimpses of The Beatles, Stones, and Dusty Springfield are from the NME Poll Winners, 1965. Pictures from the '65 concert were also used for promotional purposes in the States.
A new page begun on the equipment supplied by JMI for events at the Empire Pool, Wembley, 1964-1968.
The main front of the Empire Pool, 1st July 1967, fans arriving for the Monkees - equipment supplied by Vox.
A second page illustrating the equipment supplied to smaller venues and events to follow.